I came to opening ceremony of Yi Sun-sin Stadium in Asan-si Korea. I Came together with International student of Sun Moon University for join the festival at 2nd October, 2010. We Used Hanbok on festival The name of Stadium is the same the name of Heroes Yi Sun-sin. Who is Yi Sun-sin?
Yi Sun-sin (April 28, 1545 – December 16, 1598, Korean: 이순신) was a Korean naval commander noted for his victories against the Japanese navy during the japanise invansion of Korea (1592-1598) in the Joseon Dynasty. His title of Samdo Sugun Tongjesa (삼도수군통제사), literally meaning “Naval Commander of the Three Provinces” was to remain as the title of the commander of the operating arm of the Korean navy until 1896. Yi is also known for his innovative use of the turtle ship. He is reputed to be one of the few admirals to have been victorious in every naval battle (of at least 23)in which he commanded.
Yi was killed by a single bullet in the Battle of Noryang on December 16, 1598. And while he died, he said “Do not let my death be known” (lest the friendly forces lose morale/the enemy gain morale). The royal court eventually bestowed various honors upon him, including a posthumous title of Chungmugong(충무공, Duke of Loyalty and Warfare), an enrollment as a Seonmu Ildeung Gongsin (선무일등공신, First-class military order of merit during the reign of Seonjo), and two posthumous offices, Yeonguijeong(영의정, Prime Minister), and the Deokpung Buwongun (덕풍부원군, The Prince of the Court from Deokpung). He also received the title of Yumyeong Sugun Dodok (유명 수군 도독, Admiral of the Fleet of Ming China) posthumously, by the Emperor of Ming. Yi remains a venerated hero among Koreans today.
Yi was born in Geoncheon-dong Street of (건천동) hanseong(then capital, present-day Inhyeon-dong, Jung-gu District, Seoul). His family was part of the Deoksu Yi clan, near present-day Daejon.
His grandfather Yi Baek-rok retired from politics when neo-Confucian reformer Jo Gwang-jo was executed in the Third Literati Purge of 1519 and moved to a village near where Jo was buried. Yi Sun-sin’s father Yi Jeong was likewise disillusioned with politics and did not enter government service as expected of yangban(noble) family. However, popular belief that Yi Sun-sin had difficult childhood because of his family’s connection with Jo Gwang-jo(as depicted in KBS TV series Immortal Admiral Yi Sun-sin) is not true.
One of the most important events of his early life was when Yi met and became friends with Yu Seong-ryong, a prominent scholar who held a key official position of Dochaechalsa (도체찰사) in command of the military during the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592-1598). During the war, Yu’s support of Admiral Yi was critical to Yi’s achievements.
As a young boy, Yi played war games with other local boys, showing excellent leadership talent at an early age and constructed and fetched his own bow and arrows as a teenager. Yi also became proficient in reading and writing Chinese.
In 1576, Yi passed the military examination(무과). Yi is said to have impressed the judges with his swordsmanship and archery, but failed to pass the test when he broke a leg during the cavalry examination. After he re-entered and passed the examination, Yi was posted to the Bukbyeong (Northern Frontier Army) military district in Hamgyeong province. However, he was the oldest junior officer at the age of thirty-two. There, Yi experienced battles defending the border settlements against the Jurchen marauders and quickly became known for his strategic skills and leadership.
In 1583, he lured the Jurchen into battle, defeated the marauders, and captured their chief, Mu Pai Nai. According to a contemporary tradition, Yi then spent three years out of the army after hearing of his father’s death. After his return to the front line, Yi led a string of successful campaigns against the Jurchen nomads.
However, his brilliance and accomplishments so soon in his career made his superiors jealous, and they falsely accused him of desertion during battle. The conspiracy was led by General Yi Il, who would later fail to repel the Japanese invasion at the Battle of Sangju. This tendency to downplay people was very common in the later years of the Joseon military and government. Yi’s was stripped of his officer rank, imprisoned, and tortured. After his release, Yi was allowed to fight as an enlisted soldier. After a short period of time, however, he was appointed as the commander of the Seoul Hunryeonweon (a military training center) and was later transferred to a small county, to be its military magistrate.
Yi’s efforts in northern Korea was rewarded when Yi was assigned as Commander of the Left Jeolla Province(전라 좌도) Naval District. Within the span of a few months in late 1590, he received four military appointments, in rapid succession, with each subsequent post carrying greater responsibility than the last: Commander of the Kosarijin Garrison in Pyeongan province, Commander of the Manpo Garrison, also in Pyeongan province, and the Commander of the Wando Garrison, in Jeolla province, before finally receiving the appointment as Commander of the Left Jeolla Naval District. The royal court was in a state of confusion over the possibility of a war with Japan, now unified under the rule of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and the unstable situation in Manchuria where a young Jurchen chieftain named Nurhaci was gathering strength. Nurhaci’s descendants would become masters of China as founders of the Qing Dynasty in a few decades’ time, after invading Korea in 1627 and 1637. Yi assumed his new post atYeosu on the 13th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1591 (March 13, 1591). From there, he was able to undertake a buildup of the regional navy, which was later used to confront the Japanese invasion force. He subsequently began to strengthen the province’s navy with a series of reforms, including the construction of the turtle ship.(Wikipedia Source).